Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Province of Caserta, Campania The center rises on the site of ancient Capua, in antiquity the chief city of Campania and one of the most important Roman towns in ancient Italy, and very likely occupied the site of an early Oscan settlement.
Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Campania
It is situated 25 km north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campania plain. Follow us on Facebook. History - Antiquity before the Romans Its foundation is attributed by Cato the Elder to the Etruscans, and the date given as about years before it was occupied by Rome in BC, which gives about BC as the date of its foundation.
The Etruscan supremacy in Campania came to an end in the latter half of the 5th century BC with the Samnites, who entered into alliance with Rome for protection against Samnite mountain tribes, so that the greater part of Campania now fell under Roman influence. In the second Samnite War they did not remain loyal to the Romans, so that the Ager Falerus on the right bank of the Volturnus was taken from them and distributed among citizens of Rome and Falerna was established.
The importance of Capua increased during the 3rd century, and at the beginning of the second Punic War it was considered to be only slightly behind Rome and Carthage themselves, and was able to furnish 30, infantry and cavalry. Until after the defeat of Cannae it remained faithful to Rome, but then entered an alliance with Hannibal, who made it his winter quarters, with bad results to the morale of his troops.
In the meantime, the thickly populated district was organized around important shrines, especially that of Diana Tifatina, in connection with which a "pagus Dianae" existed, and a "pagus Herculaneus" is also known. Capua enjoyed great prosperity, owing to its spelt and its manufacture of bronze objects.
Its luxury was proverbial, especially as the home of gladiatorial combats. From the gladiatorial schools of Campania came Spartacus and his followers in 73 BC. In 59 BC consul Julius Caesar established a colony of 20, Roman citizens in connection with his agrarian law. The number of colonists was increased by Mark Antony, Augustus, and Nero.
Under the later empire it is not often mentioned; but in the 4th century it was the seat of the "consularis Campaniae" and its chief town, though Ausonius puts it behind Mediolanum Milan and Aquileia in his "ordo nobilium urbium".IL LICEO SCIENTIFICO!
Under Constantine the foundation of a Christian church in Capua was recorded. In it was destroyed by Genseric, but was soon rebuilt: it was finally destroyed by the Saracens in and only the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, founded aboutwas spared.
It contains 52 ancient marble columns, but was modernized in The site was occupied again only in the late Middle Ages by a village which little by little, however, outgrew ancient Capua.The books we selected are witty, fun, will give you a glimpse into the the mind and lifestyle of the Italians or transport you to Italy. Salve, spero di poter viaggiare in Italia il prossimo autunno, ci sono compagnie di elicotteri che offrono percorsi attraverso Pompei? Santa Maria Capua Vetere Campania.
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A Guide to Ancient Capua: Santa Maria Capua Vetere
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Wear comfortable shoes and, in the summer months, do not forget to bring with you a hat, water, and possibly a sunscreen. The ancient Capua was founded by the Etruscans around BC. The site corresponding to the current S. Maria Capua Vetere, near Casertabut an intense and continuous occupation of the area since prehistoric times, and also in the Bronze Age and Iron Age is attested by the remains of huts and the tomb of his necropolis.
By the Roman period remains Old Amphitheatre Campanomaybe the first amphitheater of the Roman world, second in size only to the Colosseum in Rome, much like the architectural point of view so much as to suppose that it was used directly as template for the construction of this. During excavations in Septemberon the southern gate of the amphitheater, was found an inscription, integrated by the archaeologist Alexei Symmachus Mazzocchi, bearing the following inscription:.
Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Province of Caserta, Campania
Elio Adriano Pius devoted himself". The inscription was on display under the arch of the Church of St Eligius in Capua, while today it is preserved at the Museo Campano in Capua. With this inscription it was possible to reconstruct part of the history of the amphitheater. Believed to have been built by a colony conquered by Augustus after the battle of Anzio, around the I century BC According to some historians, it was built between the first and second century AD on the ruins of an amphitheater above and in this case then what would be the oldest amphitheater in Pompeii.
The structure is elliptical. The major axis measuring meters while the minor axis was meters, the total height was 46 meters, with four levels, all of the Tuscan order, the keystones of the eighty arches of the three lower floors were decorated with busts of Gods.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the amphitheater was destroyed by the Vandals of Genserico and by the Saracens, as the city during the war of succession of the Duchy of Benevento in It was used as a fortress by the regents of the Lombards and by the late ninth century, it was extensively plundered to create the castle. The operation was barren wilderness: the large boulders were destroyed to remove the bronze and lead in uniting them and used the smaller stones to pave the road.
Capua was the birthplace of the revolt of the gladiatorsbelonging to the famous School of Gladiators present in this place headed by Spartacus, born as a result of inhumane conditions to which they were subjected to the gladiators.
The battle ended with the complete defeat of the rebels: Spartacus met his death on the field and 6, prisoners were crucified by Crassus along the Appian Way, a road built by the censor Appius Claudius in BC to connect Rome with Capua. The Amphitheater of Spartacus. An amazing archaeological tour in one of the largest Roman cities; the city where rebellious Spartacus started the gladiators riot against the Empire.
Tour type: Archaeology and History tour; Private tour; Walking tour. Maximum travelers: 10 a small group guarantees a better quality service Tours for larger groups can be arranged on demand. Next to the amphitheater there is the Museum of the Gladiators.
In the first room there are three of the keystones that decorated the outside of the amphitheater: a male head with Phrygian cap identified with Mithras or Attis, a woman's head with a diadem, identified as Juno, a head of Minerva with helmet and attic the cast of the bust of the Volturno, whose original is in the Museo Campano.
At the center of the room is a plastic reproduction of the current state of the building and its original appearance. In the showcases there is a wide selection of ceramic fragments found in the area of the amphitheater and sculptures such as shelves, parts of the marble balustrades which adorned the auditorium, the heads of Hercules, Athena with Corinthian helmet, of Apollo and a goddess, maybe Diana, belonged to the statues adorning the arches of the upper floors.
There are also casts of gladiatorial weapons discovered at Pompeii, two helmets, a pair of shin guards and a shoulder strap. The diorama placed between the showcases is a combat between gladiators and wild beasts: the retiarius are recognizable, with net and trident, secutor with helmet and short sword, with the trace griffin on the helmet and the curved sword sica and that Venator facing a lion.Ancient Capua has a large place in Italian history.
Italy's second largest amphitheater was built here. Spartacus started the Slave Revolt at a Capua ludas or school for gladiators in Capua. Tourists will be rewarded by the amphitheater, a gladiator museum along with a very well done archaeological museum and various other bits and pieces of the ancient city like the frescoed Mithraeumall in an area that can be seen in a day if you plan it right.
If there is still a question of Capua's place in the world, Barbara Zaragoza speaks of the comforts available in a wealthy city:. As if that weren't enough, Giuseppe Garibaldi gathered 24, volunteers and fought his biggest battle for the unification of Italy around the Volturno river near Capua in October of An overnight is recommended though, as the town is a pleasant one and there is a good place to eat dinner with the illuminated amphitheater as background.
The problem is if you come to Capua proper, you are in the wrong place. While the ruins here aren't as impressive as they are in Rome -- much of the amphitheater was hacked up and reused -- the new gladiator museum, which is free with entrance to the amphitheater, is a good way to see how it all worked when Capua was at its peak.
Let's take a look at the amphitheater next. We don't have exact dates for the construction of the amphitheater, but some sources contend that it was built about years before the Coliseum in Rome. Like the coliseum, it incorporates gates and ramps in a manner still used in sports stadiums today. Cicero wrote thatpeople could be seated in the amphitheater, which had four seating levels. In this picture, the arena floor isn't very impressive.
The lower level is covered with temporary covers. In fact, this is pretty much the way it was in antiquity, timbers spanned the openings to the tunnels of the lower level and sand was placed on top to become the absorbent surface for the bloody games. This picture shows the complete part of the amphitheater at Capua. There were 80 Doric arcades at one time. The white material is marble, which would have made up the lower level facade all around.
The amphitheater was plundered by Vandals and Saracens. Much of the rest of it has been removed and reused, but there is enough left for a decent trek around, as we'll see in the next picture. A stroll under the seats shows more Roman building detail, which includes light wells so that things didn't get too dark under there. The picture is also notable for what it doesn't show -- there isn't a crush of tourists as one finds at the Roman Coliseum. At the entrance to the amphitheater is the small Gladiator museum, which will interpret the buildings and give you a feel for the events that took place.
Here the victory is celebrated as blood seeps into the sand on the arena floor. While the amphitheater is associated with Spartacus, he didn't perform here but in a previous and much smaller arena on the site. It was intimate enough that spectators could get injured from the swordplay. Besides a display of the weapons used by gladiators, the museum also shows how the spectators were seated and how they knew where to go.
A quick getaway to Santa Maria Capua Vetere is sufficient: Besides the amphitheater, archaeological museum, gladiator museum and the ancient Mithraeumthere is little else to see. The more modern town of Capua offers another archaeological museum and is an interesting little town if you have a few hours to see it. You won't want to spend Monday there, either, as most everything you'd want to see is closed.
Very close by and well worth visiting is Reggia di CasertaCaserta's Royal Palace, an 18th-century, 1,room palace with gardens, modeled after the Palace of Versailles.Province : Caserta. Distance from the chief town Caserta : 8 chilometri. Inhabitants : 32, Istat Denomination : Sammaritani.
In the previos day there were cases, thus having a variation of 0 casesi. Please follow this link for updated information on Covid including new cases and percentage changes for the whole of Italy, regions and individual provinces. Geographic data: Surface : 15,92 square kilometers.
Height above sea level: 36 meters. Height: 49 meters. Altimetric difference: 34 meters.
Population and Statistical data: Population density: 1. Population on Families: Medium value of the components of a generic family: 3,02 people. Most recent data about Population: On January, 1 there where 32, inhabitants in Santa Maria Capua Vetere, 15, males and 17, females. There where inhabitants less than one year old males and females and 3 inhabitants being one-hundred years old or more 0 males and 3 females.
Foreign citizens: On January 1, were resident in Santa Maria Capua Vetere 1, foreign citizens, of whom males and females. On December 31 of the same year were resident in Santa Maria Capua Vetere 1, foreign citizens, of whom males and females, thus being the 4. Workers: 9. For the sake of simplicity we will us the term of Santa Maria Capua Vetere.
In Santa Maria Capua Vetere live thirty-one thousand, seven hundred and fourty-three people: fourteen thousand, nine hundred and nineteen are males and sixteen thousand, eight hundred and twenty-four are females.
There are fourteen thousand, one hundred and fifty-two singles seven thousand and seventy-seven males and seven thousand and seventy-five females. There are fourteen thousand, one hundred and fourty-nine people married, and five hundred and fourty-four people legally separed.
There are also four hundred and sixty-two divorced people and two thousand, four hundred and thirty-six widows and widowers. In Santa Maria Capua Vetere live nine hundred and ninety-nine foreigners, three hundred and twenty-four are males and six hundred and seventy-five are females. Age Males Females Total From 0 to 29 years From 30 to 54 years More than 54 years old 11 72 There are in Santa Maria Capua Vetere twenty-nine thousand, nine hundred and thirty-two people in school age, thirteen thousand, nine hundred and ninety-four are males and fifteen thousand, nine hundred and thirty-eight females.
Genere University degree High school diploma Middle School diploma Primary School diploma Literates Illiterates Males Females Total There are in Santa Maria Capua Vetere people aged 15 years or more. There are males aged 15 years or more, are employed and were previously employed but now are unemployed and seeking for a new job. There are females aged 15 years or more, are employed and s were previously employed but now are unemployed and seeking for a new job.
Please find in what follows a table showing the number of families along with the number of people for each family. People 1 2 3 4 5 6 or more Families There are famiglie living in Santa Maria Capua Vetere. There are in Santa Maria Capua Vetere buildings, but only are used.